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The Details In Paragraphs And Essays Can Be Arranged Christian

  • connor 2 weeks ago

    I love this site

  • unknow 2 weeks ago

    this will definitely will help me review for the act test

  • no one 2 weeks ago

    its cool

  • Unknown 2 weeks ago

    this helped my English class (6th grade) thanks Mrs.Wilborn!!

  • Unknown 7 weeks ago

    This seriously helped me with my essay/speech ideas!

    Thanks so much Letter Pile!

  • mn_heydari5038 2 months ago

    these topics are very fantastic. they helped me to write a great essay and, so these topics make writers to write a good essay more about cause and effect

  • Robbert Dillard 2 months ago

    This is very useful, I learned lots.

  • Jimmy 2 months ago

    Thanks this helped

  • Abbie 4 months ago

    This was extremely helpful! Thank you so much!!

  • Ashley 4 months ago

    Thanks for the great ideas to point me in the right direction for my next essay!

  • Lil 5 months ago

    This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You!

  • Virginia Kearney 9 months agofrom United States

    Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much!

  • Sophia 9 months ago

    I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you !

  • domonique 12 months ago

    this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good

  • Hooriya 12 months ago

    Hi thanks for helping me

  • deeksha 17 months ago

    these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade....

  • Sourav Rana 23 months ago

    I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships.

  • Hugh Johnson 24 months ago

    These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips.

  • John 24 months ago

    These topics really helped me for school

  • Ruby 24 months agofrom United States

    Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol

  • BOB 2 years ago

    WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment.

  • Joe 2 years ago

    Awesome topics thanks a million

  • Dwight Goliday Jr 2 years agofrom East Saint Louis

    Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write.

  • Virginia Kearney 2 years agofrom United States

    Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week!

  • YoLex 2 years ago

    This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work!

  • Zakeycia Dickens 2 years ago

    I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you.

  • Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago

    Thanks. Great topics.

  • James Packard 3 years agofrom Columbia, Missouri

    What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing.

  • Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 3 years agofrom New York, NY

    I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read.

    I voted this hub "up," "useful," and "interesting." I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here.

  • Marilyn L Davis 3 years agofrom Georgia

    Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. ~Marilyn

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Here is another place to look for topic ideas: https://owlcation.com/humanities/Causal-Analysis-E...

  • Virginia Kearney 3 years agofrom United States

    Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means "to produce an effect upon" as well as "to influence." I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks!

  • Gertrude McFuzz 3 years ago

    These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use "effect" when you should use "affect."

    affect = influence - usually a verb

    effect= result - usually a noun

    effect= cause - not used that often - verb

  • Shamim Rajabali 3 years agofrom Texas

    This will come in handy for my English class. Thanks.

  • ANCY 3 years ago

    I Love it very much

  • rakesh ranjana 3 years ago

    Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems

  • MariaBrown 4 years ago

    Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different & innovative. Vote up!

  • DjeLke 4 years ago

    Thanks! This is helpful.... Vote up.

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a "speculating about causes" essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation.

  • Sumner Swett 4 years agofrom Owls Head Maine

    Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it.

  • Kimberly Lake 4 years agofrom California

    Great topics! Voted up and shared.

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed.

  • Seth Tomko 4 years agofrom Macon, GA

    A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays.

  • Annie Miller 4 years agofrom Wichita Falls, Texas

    Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well!

  • Chris Achilleos 4 years ago

    Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful!

    Chris Achilleos

  • Virginia Kearney 4 years agofrom United States

    Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement.

  • carol stanley 4 years agofrom Arizona

    This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub...Going to pass this along and of course vote up.

  • Development is the process by which you support or explain the central idea of a paragraph, essay, or other piece of writing.

    USE SEVEN METHODS OF DEVELOPMENT

    Depending on your purpose—what you want to accomplish—you can use several methods of development:

    Each method can be used separately or in combination with any of the others.
    Learning which methods best suit your purpose will help when you create outlines and write first drafts of paragraphs and essays.

    Back to Top

    LEARN TO NARRATE

    Use narration to recall an event or explain how a process works. A narrative is a story. It arranges information in chronological (time) order; one event in a story or one step in a process follows another just as it happened.

    Narratives contain action words—verbs and adverbs—that help move the story or process along and make it more interesting. They also use transitions such as first, then, soon, after, and suddenly, which maintain coherence and show movement from one event to the next.

    Read this paragraph from Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. It recalls a childhood incident when neighborhood children mocked her and her grandmother. Action words are in red; transitions are in blue:

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    LEARN TO DESCRIBE

    Use description when you need to explain the nature of people, places, and things. It's always a good idea to start a physical description by relying on your five senses to gather details about what your subject looks, sounds, feels, smells, or even tastes like.

    Unlike narration, which presents information from beginning to end, description can be arranged in any pattern you think best. Usually, the pattern is spatial, presenting things as they appear in space. But each writer chooses his or her own perspective—the position from which to view a subject. And each decides where to begin and where to end.

    Read this paragraph from Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Angelou doesn't simply describe her subjects' appearance; she uses description to explain their characters. She also uses it to reveal her emotional reaction to their behavior.

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    LEARN TO EXPLAIN, CONVINCE, AND PERSUADE

    Narration and description can also be used to explain an idea or statement, to convince readers that an opinion is correct, or to persuade them to do something. But such purposes also lend themselves to other methods.

    FIVE WAYS TO EXPLAIN, CONVINCE, AND PERSUADE

    Depending on what you want to accomplish, you can choose one or more methods to develop your central idea:

    Illustration: Uses examples.

    Comparison or constrast: Points out similarities or differences.

    Definition: Explains what a term means.

    Classification: Distinguishes between types or classes.

    Cause and effect: Explains why something happens.

    USING ILLUSTRATION

    Illustration explains abstract ideas by providing clear, specific, and concrete examples. Take this paragraph from "A Few Kind Words for Superstition" by Robertson Davies:

    There are two concrete examples here:

    1. Orthodox Jews place a charm . . . .
    2. Some peoples of Middle Europe believe . . . .

    USING COMPARISON/CONTRAST

    A comparison explains similarities. A contrast explains differences. The first half of the following paragraph compares a harpsichord and a piano. The second half contrasts these instruments.

    The harpsichord and the piano are closely

    related. Both are keyboard instruments, and

    both produce sound when jacks or hammers

    attached to keys strike metal strings. The piano

    is a direct descendant of the harpsichord and takes

    its shape from that instrument. In fact, many musical

    compositions played on one can be adapted to the other.

    However, today the piano is the more popular

    of the two instruments. It is capable of producing

    greater volume and variety of tone, and it is more

    versatile than its predecessor. Pianos provide

    accompaniment for vocalists both classical and popular,

    and they are used in every instrumental group

    from the small dance band to the grandest symphony

    orchestra.

    USING DEFINITION

    A definition identifies a term and sets it apart from all other terms that may be related to it. Often, definitions begin by mentioning the general class to which a term belongs. Then they provide specifics to distinguish the term from other members of that class. For example, if you were to define whale, you might start by saying it is an aquatic mammal. Then you could talk about its size, shape, varieties, environment, breeding habits, and so on.

    Read this paragraph. Try to determine the general class to which the subject belongs; then find specifics that distinguish it from other members of that class.

    COMBINING METHODS OF DEVELOPMENT

    One method of development can be used in combination with others. Reread the paragraph defining the viola. Pick out examples of comparison and contrast.


    USING CLASSIFICATION

    Classification—distinguishing types or classes—can help you explain a great deal of seemingly unrelated information in an organized and easy-to-follow manner. Take this paragraph that explains stringed instruments:

    NOTE:

    Once again, remember that two methods of development can be used together. Read the paragraph on stringed instruments above again. See if you can find places where the writer has used definition and description.

    USING CAUSE AND EFFECT

    The cause-and-effect method is useful in explaining why something happens. Take this paragraph on the causes of avalanches:

    COMBINING METHODS OF DEVELOPMENT

    Read the paragraph on avalanches again:

    Where is definition used in this paragraph? How about comparison?

    Back to Top

    MASTER FOUR PATTERNS OF ARRANGEMENT

    As you have learned, there are several ways to develop details in a paragraph. These methods—narration, description, comparison/contrast, definition, classification, illustration, and cause and effect—relate to the paragraph's purpose. You should also learn patterns of arrangement—ways to organize details in a paragraph.

    There are four basic patterns, but there are as many variations on such patterns as there are writers who use them. Study these four patterns of arrangement. You can use any of them regardless of the method of development you choose.

    General 
    to 
    specific: 
     

    Begin with a general statement (topic sentence); develop the rest of the paragraph with supporting details.

    Specific 
    to 
    general: 
     

    Begin with supporting details that lead to a broad concluding statement (topic sentence).

    Question 
    to 
    answer: 
     

    Begin with a question; follow with details that answer that question.

    Order 
    of 
    importance: 
     

    Begin with the least important detail; end with the most important detail.

    GENERAL-TO-SPECIFIC PATTERN

    The pattern that begins with a general statement followed by specific supporting details can be used to argue a point or make an abstract idea clear. In the next paragraph, the writer starts with the idea that living with an alcoholic parent is difficult. This is the topic sentence. She then gives details to explain how difficult this problem is.

    SPECIFIC-TO-GENERAL PATTERN

    This pattern can help you create suspense or build to an emotional high point. The following paragraph starts with a specific detail that leads to a more general topic sentence.

    QUESTION-TO-ANSWER PATTERN

    Beginning with a question can capture the reader's attention. It is also an easy way to arrange information. After asking the question, you can fill the rest of the paragraph or essay with details that answer or relate to it.

    ORDER-OF-IMPORTANCE PATTERN

    Fiction writers often save the most important or startling information for last. This technique helps them maintain suspense and create emphasis. You can use this pattern whether your purpose is to tell a story, describe a scene, explain an idea, or defend an opinion. The next paragraph is a good example.

    Back to Top

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